Dutch Crypto Firms Achieve Landmark Victory in Legal Ruling

A Rotterdam court has ruled in favor of two Dutch crypto firms, Coinmerce and Bitvavo, in a landmark case against the Dutch central bank (DNB). The court found that the DNB overstepped its legal authority when it levied charges on these crypto firms for registration related to anti-money laundering compliance.

The ruling has significant implications for the regulation of cryptocurrencies in the Netherlands. It also highlights the growing assertiveness of the crypto industry in challenging government oversight.


Under European Union anti-money laundering (AML) laws, crypto service providers (CSPs) are required to register with their local financial regulators. In the Netherlands, this responsibility falls to the DNB.

In 2020, the DNB began charging CSPs a registration fee. This fee was intended to cover the costs of processing registration applications and supervising CSPs.

Coinmerce and Bitvavo challenged the legality of these fees in court. They argued that the DNB was not authorized to charge fees for registration under EU AML law.

Court Ruling

The Rotterdam court agreed with Coinmerce and Bitvavo. The court found that the DNB’s assessment of registration requests went beyond the scope of what was legally permissible under EU AML law.

Specifically, the court found that the DNB was charging fees for activities that were not directly related to the registration process, such as conducting market research and developing new regulations.

The court also found that the DNB had failed to adequately consult with the crypto industry before implementing the fees.

Implications of the Ruling

The Rotterdam court’s ruling is a significant victory for the crypto industry in the Netherlands. It sends a clear message that the DNB cannot exceed its legal authority in regulating cryptocurrencies.

The ruling also has broader implications for the regulation of cryptocurrencies in Europe. It could embolden other crypto firms to challenge similar regulatory fees in other countries.


The Rotterdam court’s ruling is a welcome development for the crypto industry. It demonstrates that the industry is willing to challenge government oversight that it believes is unfair or excessive.

The ruling is also a reminder that the regulation of cryptocurrencies is still in its early stages. Governments and regulators are still grappling with how to best regulate this new and evolving asset class.

The crypto industry should continue to engage with regulators in a constructive manner to help develop fair and effective regulatory frameworks.

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